In this article, we are going to discuss Domestic violence as a social issue.
Any act between husbands and wives or between the individuals of any relationship which proves to be harmful physically, emotionally, and mentally is called domestic violence.
Abuse between partners may be of many forms. For example, verbal abuse, emotional abuse. Limited or sometimes complete access to any sources important for living, imposing sanctions on different activities, assault, sexual harassment, etc.
In severe conditions, it can result in the death of individuals. Domestic violence is not gender specified. As it can be done by any gender in a mutual relationship.
In the past, people were highly dependent on their religious beliefs, traditions, and culture. Which promoted the assault of women by men. Because men were considered the most superior.
In ancient civilizations, the husband was allowed to deal with his wife as he wanted. if the wife found guilty or not. Even there were such laws that allowed men to do whatever they want. In any matter, women’s consent had no importance.
19th century witnessed some legislation in favor of women. It helped in improving the status of women.
How does Domestic violence prevail in society?
It has become a worldwide problem nowadays. Therefore it is difficult to measure its actual extent. The reason behind this issue is that the victims in major proportion hesitate to report. Several reasons are responsible for this.
For instance their economic status in society and political links. However, the behavior of law enforcement institutes toward the victims also contributes to this hesitation.
In some parts of the world, people do not have access to institutes. So they never report their case for justice. Therefore it is more important to rely upon the statistics of domestic violence from public surveys. As the data obtained from hospitals, police stations, and any other governmental institutes is not authentic.
According to different surveys conducted in the United States, the ratio of these sorts of cases is increasing with a ratio of almost 16 percent every 10 years. Nearly the same statistics are in other nations including, Canada and New Zealand.
Causes of Domestic violence
The ratio of cases of domestic violence is higher in married couples. There are several factors for this violence such as economic and social problems, the social structure within a culture, religious traditions, etc.
For example, in male-dominated societies, women are always considered a bot inferior to men which ultimately results in the oppression of women.
In some parts of the world, such as African tribes, traditional rituals also invigorate the sense of domestic violence.
For instance, if a female or male reaches the age of maturity, he or she will have to prove it by doing something dangerous, such as sleeping with poisonous organisms, tattoo formation on the skin with the help of a spiky instrument, and deformation of body parts.
In some cases, an individual is found suffering from some sort of disorder. Which may be personality and antisocial personality disorder. Even they do not regret it. Because the people with such disorders are not capable of feeling the guilt about what they do.
Consequences of domestic violence
Consequences or effects may be short term or long term. It depends upon the extent of brutality the victim’s face. Talking about physical injuries, it includes cuts, bruises, and sometimes broken bones, wounds, miscarriages, and death as well.
The victims may have psychological disorders. This disorder results in excessive eating, loneliness, and alcoholism. Research statistics describe the worst effect of violence on children. As it leaves a strong effect on their physical and mental health. In a society where women are subordinated, the majority of victims are females.
Legislation against Domestic violence
Nowadays the trends have changed as there are so many programs both for offenders and victims. In these programs, they are treated to avoid domestic violence.
In war-affected countries, there are shelters for battered women. And they feel safe there. They also give counseling for them and their children.
Read also: Women’s rights as a social issue
Domestic violence is considered a crime in all 50 states of the U.S.A. There are funds from the federal states. These funds are used for the local programs to combat domestic violence.
Therefore we need to understand that this is not a private matter and take stand against it as it is an important issue to discuss.