How to structure an essay-An essay guide for students

How to structure an essay

As a middle school, high school, or college student, not everyone knows how to structure an essay.  Most of the time and even in professional life after the student days, they are writing articles in the form of ‘reports’.

Many students find essay writing a difficult and time-consuming process or some students have a dilemma regarding the beginning and end of the essay.

Therefore, there is a need to make this difficult phase easier. For this, it is not necessary for you to have any special ability. But it is also necessary to have good study and observation and also the desire to write.

What is essay writing?

The word “essay” is derived from the Latin word “exagium”, which literally means to present a problem in simple words.

Definition of essay

The definition of essay writing in this regard would be something like “This is a small piece of writing that expresses information on a topic, ideas or events as well as an author’s opinion.”

Types of writing

There are generally two types of writing, traditional and non-traditional. Traditional subjects are usually educational in nature or dealing with serious topics, while non-traditional subjects are based on a personal and humorous element.


Also read: How to write an essay- Best tips for beginners

Title and content preparation as to how to structure an essay

The title is chosen in the first step of writing the article. Make sure the topic you are writing about is the best and most interesting.

The opinion of teachers, friends, and senior writers can be obtained in this regard.

The next step is research, about which educational experts say that before writing on any topic, it is necessary to read at least 10 pre-existing articles on this topic.

So that you can bring maturity in your writing. Sources of content can be newspapers, magazines, research work, reports from various organizations or sources, and audio or video on the Internet.

Article format

Essay writing is a creative process, but it has a special format of writing, that is, it follows a certain basic structure. Articles can be written on religious, serious, or humorous topics.


An introduction is the first paragraph of any article, in which the author interacts with his reader while introducing the title. This paragraph provides a brief and comprehensive overview of the article.

Always write the introductory paragraph of the article thinking that by it you are persuading the writer to read your writing. If reading this paragraph arouses the reader’s interest in the title, then he will read your article to the end.

But when writing the first paragraph, make sure that the introduction does not exceed 4 to 6 lines. Here are some creative tips to help you get started:

You can start the introductory paragraph with a popular quote or saying that matches your title.

٭ There is a special formula of questions, through which you increase the interest of the reader in writing.

* Sometimes you can even start the article by defining the title.

Body text 

Text (Body) is a special part of your article, the importance of which can be taken as an example of a sandwich. For example, the importance of the text is like the meat in the middle of a sandwich.

This is a special part between the introductory and concluding paragraph that the more comprehensive, clear, and descriptive the presentation, the more vivid and excellent the article will be.

The text of an article is not limited to a single paragraph, but its scope depends on the information and statistics you have.

The reasons should be given in a proper, polite, and reasonable manner in the article itself, at the same time special care should be taken that all this information is in accordance with the article.

If an argument is becoming part of your article, it is also important that the argument be validated or based on regular research.

Usually, when writing, most writers do not explain the information correctly, which confuses the reader. So to write a text you need to be organized with ideas, information, and statistics.


The conclusion is called the last paragraph of the article, which summarizes the article.

Sometimes your concluding paragraph is a mirror to the introductory paragraph, which contains the answers to all the questions mentioned at the beginning.

The conclusion can also be defined as the part of the article where you conclude by presenting your position with credible arguments or solid reasons.

It is also important to have a special link when writing all the results so that you can explain your position.


The last step after writing an article is to read it. Read it once before the reader reads it. Carefully read the sentence order, coherence, alphabet, and other things in the article.

In the meantime, wherever you feel any clutter or incoherence, remove it through editing and proofing.

Some articles are not able to convey their message properly to the reader due to errors in proofing and editing, so it is important that you take a look at the flaws in your article before publishing it.

After following all these steps, you would easily answer How to structure an essay. So, put a cup of coffee on the table and start applying these steps while practicing essay writing.

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